OpenCV
4.5.5
Open Source Computer Vision

Functions  
void  cv::denoise_TVL1 (const std::vector< Mat > &observations, Mat &result, double lambda=1.0, int niters=30) 
Primaldual algorithm is an algorithm for solving special types of variational problems (that is, finding a function to minimize some functional). As the image denoising, in particular, may be seen as the variational problem, primaldual algorithm then can be used to perform denoising and this is exactly what is implemented. More...  
void  cv::cuda::fastNlMeansDenoising (InputArray src, OutputArray dst, float h, int search_window=21, int block_size=7, Stream &stream=Stream::Null()) 
Perform image denoising using Nonlocal Means Denoising algorithm http://www.ipol.im/pub/algo/bcm_non_local_means_denoising with several computational optimizations. Noise expected to be a gaussian white noise. More...  
void  cv::fastNlMeansDenoising (InputArray src, OutputArray dst, float h=3, int templateWindowSize=7, int searchWindowSize=21) 
Perform image denoising using Nonlocal Means Denoising algorithm http://www.ipol.im/pub/algo/bcm_non_local_means_denoising/ with several computational optimizations. Noise expected to be a gaussian white noise. More...  
void  cv::fastNlMeansDenoising (InputArray src, OutputArray dst, const std::vector< float > &h, int templateWindowSize=7, int searchWindowSize=21, int normType=NORM_L2) 
Perform image denoising using Nonlocal Means Denoising algorithm http://www.ipol.im/pub/algo/bcm_non_local_means_denoising/ with several computational optimizations. Noise expected to be a gaussian white noise. More...  
void  cv::cuda::fastNlMeansDenoisingColored (InputArray src, OutputArray dst, float h_luminance, float photo_render, int search_window=21, int block_size=7, Stream &stream=Stream::Null()) 
Modification of fastNlMeansDenoising function for colored images. More...  
void  cv::fastNlMeansDenoisingColored (InputArray src, OutputArray dst, float h=3, float hColor=3, int templateWindowSize=7, int searchWindowSize=21) 
Modification of fastNlMeansDenoising function for colored images. More...  
void  cv::fastNlMeansDenoisingColoredMulti (InputArrayOfArrays srcImgs, OutputArray dst, int imgToDenoiseIndex, int temporalWindowSize, float h=3, float hColor=3, int templateWindowSize=7, int searchWindowSize=21) 
Modification of fastNlMeansDenoisingMulti function for colored images sequences. More...  
void  cv::fastNlMeansDenoisingMulti (InputArrayOfArrays srcImgs, OutputArray dst, int imgToDenoiseIndex, int temporalWindowSize, float h=3, int templateWindowSize=7, int searchWindowSize=21) 
Modification of fastNlMeansDenoising function for images sequence where consecutive images have been captured in small period of time. For example video. This version of the function is for grayscale images or for manual manipulation with colorspaces. For more details see http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.131.6394 More...  
void  cv::fastNlMeansDenoisingMulti (InputArrayOfArrays srcImgs, OutputArray dst, int imgToDenoiseIndex, int temporalWindowSize, const std::vector< float > &h, int templateWindowSize=7, int searchWindowSize=21, int normType=NORM_L2) 
Modification of fastNlMeansDenoising function for images sequence where consecutive images have been captured in small period of time. For example video. This version of the function is for grayscale images or for manual manipulation with colorspaces. For more details see http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.131.6394 More...  
void  cv::cuda::nonLocalMeans (InputArray src, OutputArray dst, float h, int search_window=21, int block_size=7, int borderMode=BORDER_DEFAULT, Stream &stream=Stream::Null()) 
Performs pure non local means denoising without any simplification, and thus it is not fast. More...  
void cv::denoise_TVL1  (  const std::vector< Mat > &  observations, 
Mat &  result,  
double  lambda = 1.0 , 

int  niters = 30 

) 
Python:  

cv.denoise_TVL1(  observations, result[, lambda_[, niters]]  ) >  None 
#include <opencv2/photo.hpp>
Primaldual algorithm is an algorithm for solving special types of variational problems (that is, finding a function to minimize some functional). As the image denoising, in particular, may be seen as the variational problem, primaldual algorithm then can be used to perform denoising and this is exactly what is implemented.
It should be noted, that this implementation was taken from the July 2013 blog entry [179] , which also contained (slightly more general) readytouse source code on Python. Subsequently, that code was rewritten on C++ with the usage of openCV by Vadim Pisarevsky at the end of July 2013 and finally it was slightly adapted by later authors.
Although the thorough discussion and justification of the algorithm involved may be found in [43], it might make sense to skim over it here, following [179] . To begin with, we consider the 1byte graylevel images as the functions from the rectangular domain of pixels (it may be seen as set \(\left\{(x,y)\in\mathbb{N}\times\mathbb{N}\mid 1\leq x\leq n,\;1\leq y\leq m\right\}\) for some \(m,\;n\in\mathbb{N}\)) into \(\{0,1,\dots,255\}\). We shall denote the noised images as \(f_i\) and with this view, given some image \(x\) of the same size, we may measure how bad it is by the formula
\[\left\\left\\nabla x\right\\right\ + \lambda\sum_i\left\\left\xf_i\right\\right\\]
\(\\\cdot\\\) here denotes \(L_2\)norm and as you see, the first addend states that we want our image to be smooth (ideally, having zero gradient, thus being constant) and the second states that we want our result to be close to the observations we've got. If we treat \(x\) as a function, this is exactly the functional what we seek to minimize and here the PrimalDual algorithm comes into play.
observations  This array should contain one or more noised versions of the image that is to be restored. 
result  Here the denoised image will be stored. There is no need to do preallocation of storage space, as it will be automatically allocated, if necessary. 
lambda  Corresponds to \(\lambda\) in the formulas above. As it is enlarged, the smooth (blurred) images are treated more favorably than detailed (but maybe more noised) ones. Roughly speaking, as it becomes smaller, the result will be more blur but more sever outliers will be removed. 
niters  Number of iterations that the algorithm will run. Of course, as more iterations as better, but it is hard to quantitatively refine this statement, so just use the default and increase it if the results are poor. 
void cv::cuda::fastNlMeansDenoising  (  InputArray  src, 
OutputArray  dst,  
float  h,  
int  search_window = 21 , 

int  block_size = 7 , 

Stream &  stream = Stream::Null() 

) 
#include <opencv2/photo/cuda.hpp>
Perform image denoising using Nonlocal Means Denoising algorithm http://www.ipol.im/pub/algo/bcm_non_local_means_denoising with several computational optimizations. Noise expected to be a gaussian white noise.
src  Input 8bit 1channel, 2channel or 3channel image. 
dst  Output image with the same size and type as src . 
h  Parameter regulating filter strength. Big h value perfectly removes noise but also removes image details, smaller h value preserves details but also preserves some noise 
search_window  Size in pixels of the window that is used to compute weighted average for given pixel. Should be odd. Affect performance linearly: greater search_window  greater denoising time. Recommended value 21 pixels 
block_size  Size in pixels of the template patch that is used to compute weights. Should be odd. Recommended value 7 pixels 
stream  Stream for the asynchronous invocations. 
This function expected to be applied to grayscale images. For colored images look at FastNonLocalMeansDenoising::labMethod.
void cv::fastNlMeansDenoising  (  InputArray  src, 
OutputArray  dst,  
float  h = 3 , 

int  templateWindowSize = 7 , 

int  searchWindowSize = 21 

) 
Python:  

cv.fastNlMeansDenoising(  src[, dst[, h[, templateWindowSize[, searchWindowSize]]]]  ) >  dst  
cv.fastNlMeansDenoising(  src, h[, dst[, templateWindowSize[, searchWindowSize[, normType]]]]  ) >  dst 
#include <opencv2/photo.hpp>
Perform image denoising using Nonlocal Means Denoising algorithm http://www.ipol.im/pub/algo/bcm_non_local_means_denoising/ with several computational optimizations. Noise expected to be a gaussian white noise.
src  Input 8bit 1channel, 2channel, 3channel or 4channel image. 
dst  Output image with the same size and type as src . 
templateWindowSize  Size in pixels of the template patch that is used to compute weights. Should be odd. Recommended value 7 pixels 
searchWindowSize  Size in pixels of the window that is used to compute weighted average for given pixel. Should be odd. Affect performance linearly: greater searchWindowsSize  greater denoising time. Recommended value 21 pixels 
h  Parameter regulating filter strength. Big h value perfectly removes noise but also removes image details, smaller h value preserves details but also preserves some noise 
This function expected to be applied to grayscale images. For colored images look at fastNlMeansDenoisingColored. Advanced usage of this functions can be manual denoising of colored image in different colorspaces. Such approach is used in fastNlMeansDenoisingColored by converting image to CIELAB colorspace and then separately denoise L and AB components with different h parameter.
void cv::fastNlMeansDenoising  (  InputArray  src, 
OutputArray  dst,  
const std::vector< float > &  h,  
int  templateWindowSize = 7 , 

int  searchWindowSize = 21 , 

int  normType = NORM_L2 

) 
Python:  

cv.fastNlMeansDenoising(  src[, dst[, h[, templateWindowSize[, searchWindowSize]]]]  ) >  dst  
cv.fastNlMeansDenoising(  src, h[, dst[, templateWindowSize[, searchWindowSize[, normType]]]]  ) >  dst 
#include <opencv2/photo.hpp>
Perform image denoising using Nonlocal Means Denoising algorithm http://www.ipol.im/pub/algo/bcm_non_local_means_denoising/ with several computational optimizations. Noise expected to be a gaussian white noise.
src  Input 8bit or 16bit (only with NORM_L1) 1channel, 2channel, 3channel or 4channel image. 
dst  Output image with the same size and type as src . 
templateWindowSize  Size in pixels of the template patch that is used to compute weights. Should be odd. Recommended value 7 pixels 
searchWindowSize  Size in pixels of the window that is used to compute weighted average for given pixel. Should be odd. Affect performance linearly: greater searchWindowsSize  greater denoising time. Recommended value 21 pixels 
h  Array of parameters regulating filter strength, either one parameter applied to all channels or one per channel in dst. Big h value perfectly removes noise but also removes image details, smaller h value preserves details but also preserves some noise 
normType  Type of norm used for weight calculation. Can be either NORM_L2 or NORM_L1 
This function expected to be applied to grayscale images. For colored images look at fastNlMeansDenoisingColored. Advanced usage of this functions can be manual denoising of colored image in different colorspaces. Such approach is used in fastNlMeansDenoisingColored by converting image to CIELAB colorspace and then separately denoise L and AB components with different h parameter.
void cv::cuda::fastNlMeansDenoisingColored  (  InputArray  src, 
OutputArray  dst,  
float  h_luminance,  
float  photo_render,  
int  search_window = 21 , 

int  block_size = 7 , 

Stream &  stream = Stream::Null() 

) 
#include <opencv2/photo/cuda.hpp>
Modification of fastNlMeansDenoising function for colored images.
src  Input 8bit 3channel image. 
dst  Output image with the same size and type as src . 
h_luminance  Parameter regulating filter strength. Big h value perfectly removes noise but also removes image details, smaller h value preserves details but also preserves some noise 
photo_render  float The same as h but for color components. For most images value equals 10 will be enough to remove colored noise and do not distort colors 
search_window  Size in pixels of the window that is used to compute weighted average for given pixel. Should be odd. Affect performance linearly: greater search_window  greater denoising time. Recommended value 21 pixels 
block_size  Size in pixels of the template patch that is used to compute weights. Should be odd. Recommended value 7 pixels 
stream  Stream for the asynchronous invocations. 
The function converts image to CIELAB colorspace and then separately denoise L and AB components with given h parameters using FastNonLocalMeansDenoising::simpleMethod function.
void cv::fastNlMeansDenoisingColored  (  InputArray  src, 
OutputArray  dst,  
float  h = 3 , 

float  hColor = 3 , 

int  templateWindowSize = 7 , 

int  searchWindowSize = 21 

) 
Python:  

cv.fastNlMeansDenoisingColored(  src[, dst[, h[, hColor[, templateWindowSize[, searchWindowSize]]]]]  ) >  dst 
#include <opencv2/photo.hpp>
Modification of fastNlMeansDenoising function for colored images.
src  Input 8bit 3channel image. 
dst  Output image with the same size and type as src . 
templateWindowSize  Size in pixels of the template patch that is used to compute weights. Should be odd. Recommended value 7 pixels 
searchWindowSize  Size in pixels of the window that is used to compute weighted average for given pixel. Should be odd. Affect performance linearly: greater searchWindowsSize  greater denoising time. Recommended value 21 pixels 
h  Parameter regulating filter strength for luminance component. Bigger h value perfectly removes noise but also removes image details, smaller h value preserves details but also preserves some noise 
hColor  The same as h but for color components. For most images value equals 10 will be enough to remove colored noise and do not distort colors 
The function converts image to CIELAB colorspace and then separately denoise L and AB components with given h parameters using fastNlMeansDenoising function.
void cv::fastNlMeansDenoisingColoredMulti  (  InputArrayOfArrays  srcImgs, 
OutputArray  dst,  
int  imgToDenoiseIndex,  
int  temporalWindowSize,  
float  h = 3 , 

float  hColor = 3 , 

int  templateWindowSize = 7 , 

int  searchWindowSize = 21 

) 
Python:  

cv.fastNlMeansDenoisingColoredMulti(  srcImgs, imgToDenoiseIndex, temporalWindowSize[, dst[, h[, hColor[, templateWindowSize[, searchWindowSize]]]]]  ) >  dst 
#include <opencv2/photo.hpp>
Modification of fastNlMeansDenoisingMulti function for colored images sequences.
srcImgs  Input 8bit 3channel images sequence. All images should have the same type and size. 
imgToDenoiseIndex  Target image to denoise index in srcImgs sequence 
temporalWindowSize  Number of surrounding images to use for target image denoising. Should be odd. Images from imgToDenoiseIndex  temporalWindowSize / 2 to imgToDenoiseIndex  temporalWindowSize / 2 from srcImgs will be used to denoise srcImgs[imgToDenoiseIndex] image. 
dst  Output image with the same size and type as srcImgs images. 
templateWindowSize  Size in pixels of the template patch that is used to compute weights. Should be odd. Recommended value 7 pixels 
searchWindowSize  Size in pixels of the window that is used to compute weighted average for given pixel. Should be odd. Affect performance linearly: greater searchWindowsSize  greater denoising time. Recommended value 21 pixels 
h  Parameter regulating filter strength for luminance component. Bigger h value perfectly removes noise but also removes image details, smaller h value preserves details but also preserves some noise. 
hColor  The same as h but for color components. 
The function converts images to CIELAB colorspace and then separately denoise L and AB components with given h parameters using fastNlMeansDenoisingMulti function.
void cv::fastNlMeansDenoisingMulti  (  InputArrayOfArrays  srcImgs, 
OutputArray  dst,  
int  imgToDenoiseIndex,  
int  temporalWindowSize,  
float  h = 3 , 

int  templateWindowSize = 7 , 

int  searchWindowSize = 21 

) 
Python:  

cv.fastNlMeansDenoisingMulti(  srcImgs, imgToDenoiseIndex, temporalWindowSize[, dst[, h[, templateWindowSize[, searchWindowSize]]]]  ) >  dst  
cv.fastNlMeansDenoisingMulti(  srcImgs, imgToDenoiseIndex, temporalWindowSize, h[, dst[, templateWindowSize[, searchWindowSize[, normType]]]]  ) >  dst 
#include <opencv2/photo.hpp>
Modification of fastNlMeansDenoising function for images sequence where consecutive images have been captured in small period of time. For example video. This version of the function is for grayscale images or for manual manipulation with colorspaces. For more details see http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.131.6394
srcImgs  Input 8bit 1channel, 2channel, 3channel or 4channel images sequence. All images should have the same type and size. 
imgToDenoiseIndex  Target image to denoise index in srcImgs sequence 
temporalWindowSize  Number of surrounding images to use for target image denoising. Should be odd. Images from imgToDenoiseIndex  temporalWindowSize / 2 to imgToDenoiseIndex  temporalWindowSize / 2 from srcImgs will be used to denoise srcImgs[imgToDenoiseIndex] image. 
dst  Output image with the same size and type as srcImgs images. 
templateWindowSize  Size in pixels of the template patch that is used to compute weights. Should be odd. Recommended value 7 pixels 
searchWindowSize  Size in pixels of the window that is used to compute weighted average for given pixel. Should be odd. Affect performance linearly: greater searchWindowsSize  greater denoising time. Recommended value 21 pixels 
h  Parameter regulating filter strength. Bigger h value perfectly removes noise but also removes image details, smaller h value preserves details but also preserves some noise 
void cv::fastNlMeansDenoisingMulti  (  InputArrayOfArrays  srcImgs, 
OutputArray  dst,  
int  imgToDenoiseIndex,  
int  temporalWindowSize,  
const std::vector< float > &  h,  
int  templateWindowSize = 7 , 

int  searchWindowSize = 21 , 

int  normType = NORM_L2 

) 
Python:  

cv.fastNlMeansDenoisingMulti(  srcImgs, imgToDenoiseIndex, temporalWindowSize[, dst[, h[, templateWindowSize[, searchWindowSize]]]]  ) >  dst  
cv.fastNlMeansDenoisingMulti(  srcImgs, imgToDenoiseIndex, temporalWindowSize, h[, dst[, templateWindowSize[, searchWindowSize[, normType]]]]  ) >  dst 
#include <opencv2/photo.hpp>
Modification of fastNlMeansDenoising function for images sequence where consecutive images have been captured in small period of time. For example video. This version of the function is for grayscale images or for manual manipulation with colorspaces. For more details see http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.131.6394
srcImgs  Input 8bit or 16bit (only with NORM_L1) 1channel, 2channel, 3channel or 4channel images sequence. All images should have the same type and size. 
imgToDenoiseIndex  Target image to denoise index in srcImgs sequence 
temporalWindowSize  Number of surrounding images to use for target image denoising. Should be odd. Images from imgToDenoiseIndex  temporalWindowSize / 2 to imgToDenoiseIndex  temporalWindowSize / 2 from srcImgs will be used to denoise srcImgs[imgToDenoiseIndex] image. 
dst  Output image with the same size and type as srcImgs images. 
templateWindowSize  Size in pixels of the template patch that is used to compute weights. Should be odd. Recommended value 7 pixels 
searchWindowSize  Size in pixels of the window that is used to compute weighted average for given pixel. Should be odd. Affect performance linearly: greater searchWindowsSize  greater denoising time. Recommended value 21 pixels 
h  Array of parameters regulating filter strength, either one parameter applied to all channels or one per channel in dst. Big h value perfectly removes noise but also removes image details, smaller h value preserves details but also preserves some noise 
normType  Type of norm used for weight calculation. Can be either NORM_L2 or NORM_L1 
void cv::cuda::nonLocalMeans  (  InputArray  src, 
OutputArray  dst,  
float  h,  
int  search_window = 21 , 

int  block_size = 7 , 

int  borderMode = BORDER_DEFAULT , 

Stream &  stream = Stream::Null() 

) 
#include <opencv2/photo/cuda.hpp>
Performs pure non local means denoising without any simplification, and thus it is not fast.
src  Source image. Supports only CV_8UC1, CV_8UC2 and CV_8UC3. 
dst  Destination image. 
h  Filter sigma regulating filter strength for color. 
search_window  Size of search window. 
block_size  Size of block used for computing weights. 
borderMode  Border type. See borderInterpolate for details. BORDER_REFLECT101 , BORDER_REPLICATE , BORDER_CONSTANT , BORDER_REFLECT and BORDER_WRAP are supported for now. 
stream  Stream for the asynchronous version. 