OpenCV  3.3.1-dev
Open Source Computer Vision
segment_objects.cpp

An example using drawContours to clean up a background segmentation result

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string>
using namespace std;
using namespace cv;
static void help()
{
printf("\n"
"This program demonstrated a simple method of connected components clean up of background subtraction\n"
"When the program starts, it begins learning the background.\n"
"You can toggle background learning on and off by hitting the space bar.\n"
"Call\n"
"./segment_objects [video file, else it reads camera 0]\n\n");
}
static void refineSegments(const Mat& img, Mat& mask, Mat& dst)
{
int niters = 3;
vector<vector<Point> > contours;
vector<Vec4i> hierarchy;
Mat temp;
dilate(mask, temp, Mat(), Point(-1,-1), niters);
erode(temp, temp, Mat(), Point(-1,-1), niters*2);
dilate(temp, temp, Mat(), Point(-1,-1), niters);
findContours( temp, contours, hierarchy, RETR_CCOMP, CHAIN_APPROX_SIMPLE );
dst = Mat::zeros(img.size(), CV_8UC3);
if( contours.size() == 0 )
return;
// iterate through all the top-level contours,
// draw each connected component with its own random color
int idx = 0, largestComp = 0;
double maxArea = 0;
for( ; idx >= 0; idx = hierarchy[idx][0] )
{
const vector<Point>& c = contours[idx];
double area = fabs(contourArea(Mat(c)));
if( area > maxArea )
{
maxArea = area;
largestComp = idx;
}
}
Scalar color( 0, 0, 255 );
drawContours( dst, contours, largestComp, color, FILLED, LINE_8, hierarchy );
}
int main(int argc, char** argv)
{
bool update_bg_model = true;
CommandLineParser parser(argc, argv, "{help h||}{@input||}");
if (parser.has("help"))
{
help();
return 0;
}
string input = parser.get<std::string>("@input");
if (input.empty())
cap.open(0);
else
cap.open(input);
if( !cap.isOpened() )
{
printf("\nCan not open camera or video file\n");
return -1;
}
Mat tmp_frame, bgmask, out_frame;
cap >> tmp_frame;
if(tmp_frame.empty())
{
printf("can not read data from the video source\n");
return -1;
}
namedWindow("video", 1);
namedWindow("segmented", 1);
bgsubtractor->setVarThreshold(10);
for(;;)
{
cap >> tmp_frame;
if( tmp_frame.empty() )
break;
bgsubtractor->apply(tmp_frame, bgmask, update_bg_model ? -1 : 0);
refineSegments(tmp_frame, bgmask, out_frame);
imshow("video", tmp_frame);
imshow("segmented", out_frame);
char keycode = (char)waitKey(30);
if( keycode == 27 )
break;
if( keycode == ' ' )
{
update_bg_model = !update_bg_model;
printf("Learn background is in state = %d\n",update_bg_model);
}
}
return 0;
}