OpenCV  3.3.1-dev
Open Source Computer Vision
Morphology_1.cpp

Erosion and Dilation sample code

Morphology_1_Tutorial_Erosion_Result.jpg
Sample Screenshot-Erosion
Morphology_1_Tutorial_Dilation_Result.jpg
Sample Screenshot-Dilation

Check the corresponding tutorial for more details

using namespace cv;
Mat src, erosion_dst, dilation_dst;
int erosion_elem = 0;
int erosion_size = 0;
int dilation_elem = 0;
int dilation_size = 0;
int const max_elem = 2;
int const max_kernel_size = 21;
void Erosion( int, void* );
void Dilation( int, void* );
int main( int, char** argv )
{
src = imread( argv[1], IMREAD_COLOR );
if( src.empty() )
{ return -1; }
namedWindow( "Erosion Demo", WINDOW_AUTOSIZE );
namedWindow( "Dilation Demo", WINDOW_AUTOSIZE );
moveWindow( "Dilation Demo", src.cols, 0 );
createTrackbar( "Element:\n 0: Rect \n 1: Cross \n 2: Ellipse", "Erosion Demo",
&erosion_elem, max_elem,
Erosion );
createTrackbar( "Kernel size:\n 2n +1", "Erosion Demo",
&erosion_size, max_kernel_size,
Erosion );
createTrackbar( "Element:\n 0: Rect \n 1: Cross \n 2: Ellipse", "Dilation Demo",
&dilation_elem, max_elem,
Dilation );
createTrackbar( "Kernel size:\n 2n +1", "Dilation Demo",
&dilation_size, max_kernel_size,
Dilation );
Erosion( 0, 0 );
Dilation( 0, 0 );
waitKey(0);
return 0;
}
void Erosion( int, void* )
{
int erosion_type = 0;
if( erosion_elem == 0 ){ erosion_type = MORPH_RECT; }
else if( erosion_elem == 1 ){ erosion_type = MORPH_CROSS; }
else if( erosion_elem == 2) { erosion_type = MORPH_ELLIPSE; }
Mat element = getStructuringElement( erosion_type,
Size( 2*erosion_size + 1, 2*erosion_size+1 ),
Point( erosion_size, erosion_size ) );
erode( src, erosion_dst, element );
imshow( "Erosion Demo", erosion_dst );
}
void Dilation( int, void* )
{
int dilation_type = 0;
if( dilation_elem == 0 ){ dilation_type = MORPH_RECT; }
else if( dilation_elem == 1 ){ dilation_type = MORPH_CROSS; }
else if( dilation_elem == 2) { dilation_type = MORPH_ELLIPSE; }
Mat element = getStructuringElement( dilation_type,
Size( 2*dilation_size + 1, 2*dilation_size+1 ),
Point( dilation_size, dilation_size ) );
dilate( src, dilation_dst, element );
imshow( "Dilation Demo", dilation_dst );
}