OpenCV  4.5.0-pre
Open Source Computer Vision
Arithmetic Operations on Images

Goal

Image Addition

You can add two images by OpenCV function, cv.add(). res = img1 + img2. Both images should be of same depth and type.

For example, consider below sample:

let src1 = cv.imread("canvasInput1");
let src2 = cv.imread("canvasInput2");
let dst = new cv.Mat();
let mask = new cv.Mat();
let dtype = -1;
cv.add(src1, src2, dst, mask, dtype);
src1.delete(); src2.delete(); dst.delete(); mask.delete();

Image Subtraction

You can subtract two images by OpenCV function, cv.subtract(). res = img1 - img2. Both images should be of same depth and type. Note that when used with RGBA images, the alpha channel is also subtracted.

For example, consider below sample:

let src1 = cv.imread("canvasInput1");
let src2 = cv.imread("canvasInput2");
let dst = new cv.Mat();
let mask = new cv.Mat();
let dtype = -1;
cv.subtract(src1, src2, dst, mask, dtype);
src1.delete(); src2.delete(); dst.delete(); mask.delete();

Bitwise Operations

This includes bitwise AND, OR, NOT and XOR operations. They will be highly useful while extracting any part of the image, defining and working with non-rectangular ROI etc. Below we will see an example on how to change a particular region of an image.

I want to put OpenCV logo above an image. If I add two images, it will change color. If I blend it, I get an transparent effect. But I want it to be opaque. If it was a rectangular region, I could use ROI as we did in last chapter. But OpenCV logo is a not a rectangular shape. So you can do it with bitwise operations.

Try it