OpenCV  4.1.2-pre
Open Source Computer Vision
OpenCV iOS - Image Processing

Goal

In this tutorial we will learn how to do basic image processing using OpenCV in iOS.

Introduction

In OpenCV all the image processing operations are usually carried out on the Mat structure. In iOS however, to render an image on screen it have to be an instance of the UIImage class. To convert an OpenCV Mat to an UIImage we use the Core Graphics framework available in iOS. Below is the code needed to covert back and forth between Mat's and UIImage's.

- (cv::Mat)cvMatFromUIImage:(UIImage *)image
{
CGColorSpaceRef colorSpace = CGImageGetColorSpace(image.CGImage);
CGFloat cols = image.size.width;
CGFloat rows = image.size.height;
cv::Mat cvMat(rows, cols, CV_8UC4); // 8 bits per component, 4 channels (color channels + alpha)
CGContextRef contextRef = CGBitmapContextCreate(cvMat.data, // Pointer to data
cols, // Width of bitmap
rows, // Height of bitmap
8, // Bits per component
cvMat.step[0], // Bytes per row
colorSpace, // Colorspace
kCGImageAlphaNoneSkipLast |
kCGBitmapByteOrderDefault); // Bitmap info flags
CGContextDrawImage(contextRef, CGRectMake(0, 0, cols, rows), image.CGImage);
CGContextRelease(contextRef);
return cvMat;
}
- (cv::Mat)cvMatGrayFromUIImage:(UIImage *)image
{
CGColorSpaceRef colorSpace = CGImageGetColorSpace(image.CGImage);
CGFloat cols = image.size.width;
CGFloat rows = image.size.height;
cv::Mat cvMat(rows, cols, CV_8UC1); // 8 bits per component, 1 channels
CGContextRef contextRef = CGBitmapContextCreate(cvMat.data, // Pointer to data
cols, // Width of bitmap
rows, // Height of bitmap
8, // Bits per component
cvMat.step[0], // Bytes per row
colorSpace, // Colorspace
kCGImageAlphaNoneSkipLast |
kCGBitmapByteOrderDefault); // Bitmap info flags
CGContextDrawImage(contextRef, CGRectMake(0, 0, cols, rows), image.CGImage);
CGContextRelease(contextRef);
return cvMat;
}

After the processing we need to convert it back to UIImage. The code below can handle both gray-scale and color image conversions (determined by the number of channels in the if statement).

cv::Mat greyMat;
cv::cvtColor(inputMat, greyMat, COLOR_BGR2GRAY);

After the processing we need to convert it back to UIImage.

-(UIImage *)UIImageFromCVMat:(cv::Mat)cvMat
{
NSData *data = [NSData dataWithBytes:cvMat.data length:cvMat.elemSize()*cvMat.total()];
CGColorSpaceRef colorSpace;
if (cvMat.elemSize() == 1) {
colorSpace = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceGray();
} else {
colorSpace = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB();
}
CGDataProviderRef provider = CGDataProviderCreateWithCFData((__bridge CFDataRef)data);
// Creating CGImage from cv::Mat
CGImageRef imageRef = CGImageCreate(cvMat.cols, //width
cvMat.rows, //height
8, //bits per component
8 * cvMat.elemSize(), //bits per pixel
cvMat.step[0], //bytesPerRow
colorSpace, //colorspace
kCGImageAlphaNone|kCGBitmapByteOrderDefault,// bitmap info
provider, //CGDataProviderRef
NULL, //decode
false, //should interpolate
kCGRenderingIntentDefault //intent
);
// Getting UIImage from CGImage
UIImage *finalImage = [UIImage imageWithCGImage:imageRef];
CGImageRelease(imageRef);
CGDataProviderRelease(provider);
CGColorSpaceRelease(colorSpace);
return finalImage;
}

Output

output.jpg

Check out an instance of running code with more Image Effects on YouTube .