OpenCV  4.10.0-dev
Open Source Computer Vision
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samples/cpp/tutorial_code/ImgProc/basic_drawing/Drawing_2.cpp

An example using drawing functions

#include <opencv2/core.hpp>
#include <iostream>
#include <stdio.h>
using namespace cv;
const int NUMBER = 100;
const int DELAY = 5;
const int window_width = 900;
const int window_height = 600;
int x_1 = -window_width/2;
int x_2 = window_width*3/2;
int y_1 = -window_width/2;
int y_2 = window_width*3/2;
static Scalar randomColor( RNG& rng );
int Drawing_Random_Lines( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng );
int Drawing_Random_Rectangles( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng );
int Drawing_Random_Ellipses( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng );
int Drawing_Random_Polylines( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng );
int Drawing_Random_Filled_Polygons( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng );
int Drawing_Random_Circles( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng );
int Displaying_Random_Text( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng );
int Displaying_Big_End( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng );
int main( void )
{
int c;
char window_name[] = "Drawing_2 Tutorial";
RNG rng( 0xFFFFFFFF );
Mat image = Mat::zeros( window_height, window_width, CV_8UC3 );
imshow( window_name, image );
waitKey( DELAY );
c = Drawing_Random_Lines(image, window_name, rng);
if( c != 0 ) return 0;
c = Drawing_Random_Rectangles(image, window_name, rng);
if( c != 0 ) return 0;
c = Drawing_Random_Ellipses( image, window_name, rng );
if( c != 0 ) return 0;
c = Drawing_Random_Polylines( image, window_name, rng );
if( c != 0 ) return 0;
c = Drawing_Random_Filled_Polygons( image, window_name, rng );
if( c != 0 ) return 0;
c = Drawing_Random_Circles( image, window_name, rng );
if( c != 0 ) return 0;
c = Displaying_Random_Text( image, window_name, rng );
if( c != 0 ) return 0;
c = Displaying_Big_End( image, window_name, rng );
if( c != 0 ) return 0;
waitKey(0);
return 0;
}
static Scalar randomColor( RNG& rng )
{
int icolor = (unsigned) rng;
return Scalar( icolor&255, (icolor>>8)&255, (icolor>>16)&255 );
}
int Drawing_Random_Lines( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng )
{
Point pt1, pt2;
for( int i = 0; i < NUMBER; i++ )
{
pt1.x = rng.uniform( x_1, x_2 );
pt1.y = rng.uniform( y_1, y_2 );
pt2.x = rng.uniform( x_1, x_2 );
pt2.y = rng.uniform( y_1, y_2 );
line( image, pt1, pt2, randomColor(rng), rng.uniform(1, 10), 8 );
imshow( window_name, image );
if( waitKey( DELAY ) >= 0 )
{ return -1; }
}
return 0;
}
int Drawing_Random_Rectangles( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng )
{
Point pt1, pt2;
int lineType = 8;
int thickness = rng.uniform( -3, 10 );
for( int i = 0; i < NUMBER; i++ )
{
pt1.x = rng.uniform( x_1, x_2 );
pt1.y = rng.uniform( y_1, y_2 );
pt2.x = rng.uniform( x_1, x_2 );
pt2.y = rng.uniform( y_1, y_2 );
rectangle( image, pt1, pt2, randomColor(rng), MAX( thickness, -1 ), lineType );
imshow( window_name, image );
if( waitKey( DELAY ) >= 0 )
{ return -1; }
}
return 0;
}
int Drawing_Random_Ellipses( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng )
{
int lineType = 8;
for ( int i = 0; i < NUMBER; i++ )
{
Point center;
center.x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
center.y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
Size axes;
axes.width = rng.uniform(0, 200);
axes.height = rng.uniform(0, 200);
double angle = rng.uniform(0, 180);
ellipse( image, center, axes, angle, angle - 100, angle + 200,
randomColor(rng), rng.uniform(-1,9), lineType );
imshow( window_name, image );
if( waitKey(DELAY) >= 0 )
{ return -1; }
}
return 0;
}
int Drawing_Random_Polylines( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng )
{
int lineType = 8;
for( int i = 0; i< NUMBER; i++ )
{
Point pt[2][3];
pt[0][0].x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
pt[0][0].y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
pt[0][1].x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
pt[0][1].y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
pt[0][2].x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
pt[0][2].y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
pt[1][0].x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
pt[1][0].y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
pt[1][1].x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
pt[1][1].y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
pt[1][2].x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
pt[1][2].y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
const Point* ppt[2] = {pt[0], pt[1]};
int npt[] = {3, 3};
polylines(image, ppt, npt, 2, true, randomColor(rng), rng.uniform(1,10), lineType);
imshow( window_name, image );
if( waitKey(DELAY) >= 0 )
{ return -1; }
}
return 0;
}
int Drawing_Random_Filled_Polygons( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng )
{
int lineType = 8;
for ( int i = 0; i < NUMBER; i++ )
{
Point pt[2][3];
pt[0][0].x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
pt[0][0].y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
pt[0][1].x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
pt[0][1].y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
pt[0][2].x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
pt[0][2].y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
pt[1][0].x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
pt[1][0].y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
pt[1][1].x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
pt[1][1].y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
pt[1][2].x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
pt[1][2].y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
const Point* ppt[2] = {pt[0], pt[1]};
int npt[] = {3, 3};
fillPoly( image, ppt, npt, 2, randomColor(rng), lineType );
imshow( window_name, image );
if( waitKey(DELAY) >= 0 )
{ return -1; }
}
return 0;
}
int Drawing_Random_Circles( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng )
{
int lineType = 8;
for (int i = 0; i < NUMBER; i++)
{
Point center;
center.x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
center.y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
circle( image, center, rng.uniform(0, 300), randomColor(rng),
rng.uniform(-1, 9), lineType );
imshow( window_name, image );
if( waitKey(DELAY) >= 0 )
{ return -1; }
}
return 0;
}
int Displaying_Random_Text( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG rng )
{
int lineType = 8;
for ( int i = 1; i < NUMBER; i++ )
{
Point org;
org.x = rng.uniform(x_1, x_2);
org.y = rng.uniform(y_1, y_2);
putText( image, "Testing text rendering", org, rng.uniform(0,8),
rng.uniform(0,100)*0.05+0.1, randomColor(rng), rng.uniform(1, 10), lineType);
imshow( window_name, image );
if( waitKey(DELAY) >= 0 )
{ return -1; }
}
return 0;
}
int Displaying_Big_End( Mat image, char* window_name, RNG )
{
Size textsize = getTextSize("OpenCV forever!", FONT_HERSHEY_COMPLEX, 3, 5, 0);
Point org((window_width - textsize.width)/2, (window_height - textsize.height)/2);
int lineType = 8;
Mat image2;
for( int i = 0; i < 255; i += 2 )
{
image2 = image - Scalar::all(i);
putText( image2, "OpenCV forever!", org, FONT_HERSHEY_COMPLEX, 3,
Scalar(i, i, 255), 5, lineType );
imshow( window_name, image2 );
if( waitKey(DELAY) >= 0 )
{ return -1; }
}
return 0;
}
n-dimensional dense array class
Definition mat.hpp:812
_Tp y
y coordinate of the point
Definition types.hpp:202
_Tp x
x coordinate of the point
Definition types.hpp:201
Random Number Generator.
Definition core.hpp:2901
int uniform(int a, int b)
returns uniformly distributed integer random number from [a,b) range
Template class for specifying the size of an image or rectangle.
Definition types.hpp:335
_Tp height
the height
Definition types.hpp:363
_Tp width
the width
Definition types.hpp:362
#define CV_8UC3
Definition interface.h:90
#define MAX(a, b)
Definition cvdef.h:518
@ circle
Definition gr_skig.hpp:62
void imshow(const String &winname, InputArray mat)
Displays an image in the specified window.
int waitKey(int delay=0)
Waits for a pressed key.
void rectangle(InputOutputArray img, Point pt1, Point pt2, const Scalar &color, int thickness=1, int lineType=LINE_8, int shift=0)
Draws a simple, thick, or filled up-right rectangle.
void ellipse(InputOutputArray img, Point center, Size axes, double angle, double startAngle, double endAngle, const Scalar &color, int thickness=1, int lineType=LINE_8, int shift=0)
Draws a simple or thick elliptic arc or fills an ellipse sector.
void fillPoly(InputOutputArray img, InputArrayOfArrays pts, const Scalar &color, int lineType=LINE_8, int shift=0, Point offset=Point())
Fills the area bounded by one or more polygons.
Size getTextSize(const String &text, int fontFace, double fontScale, int thickness, int *baseLine)
Calculates the width and height of a text string.
void putText(InputOutputArray img, const String &text, Point org, int fontFace, double fontScale, Scalar color, int thickness=1, int lineType=LINE_8, bool bottomLeftOrigin=false)
Draws a text string.
void line(InputOutputArray img, Point pt1, Point pt2, const Scalar &color, int thickness=1, int lineType=LINE_8, int shift=0)
Draws a line segment connecting two points.
void polylines(InputOutputArray img, InputArrayOfArrays pts, bool isClosed, const Scalar &color, int thickness=1, int lineType=LINE_8, int shift=0)
Draws several polygonal curves.
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
Definition highgui_qt.cpp:3
"black box" representation of the file storage associated with a file on disk.
Definition core.hpp:102