OpenCV  3.4.16-dev
Open Source Computer Vision
Build OpenCV.js
Note
You don't have to build your own copy if you simply want to start using it. Refer the Using Opencv.js tutorial for steps on getting a prebuilt copy from our releases or online documentation.

Installing Emscripten

Emscripten is an LLVM-to-JavaScript compiler. We will use Emscripten to build OpenCV.js.

Note
While this describes installation of required tools from scratch, there's a section below also describing an alternative procedure to perform the same build using docker containers which is often easier.

To Install Emscripten, follow instructions of Emscripten SDK.

For example:

./emsdk update
./emsdk install latest
./emsdk activate latest

After install, ensure the EMSDK environment is setup correctly.

For example:

source ./emsdk_env.sh
echo ${EMSDK}

Modern versions of Emscripten requires to use emcmake / emmake launchers:

emcmake sh -c 'echo ${EMSCRIPTEN}'

The version 2.0.10 of emscripten is verified for latest WebAssembly. Please check the version of Emscripten to use the newest features of WebAssembly.

For example:

./emsdk update
./emsdk install 2.0.10
./emsdk activate 2.0.10

Obtaining OpenCV Source Code

You can use the latest stable OpenCV version or you can grab the latest snapshot from our Git repository.

Obtaining the Latest Stable OpenCV Version

Obtaining the Cutting-edge OpenCV from the Git Repository

Launch Git client and clone OpenCV repository.

For example:

git clone https://github.com/opencv/opencv.git
Note
It requires git installed in your development environment.

Building OpenCV.js from Source

  1. To build opencv.js, execute python script <opencv_src_dir>/platforms/js/build_js.py <build_dir>.

    For example, to build in build_js directory:

    emcmake python ./opencv/platforms/js/build_js.py build_js
    Note
    It requires python and cmake installed in your development environment.
  2. The build script builds asm.js version by default. To build WebAssembly version, append --build_wasm switch.

    For example, to build wasm version in build_wasm directory:

    emcmake python ./opencv/platforms/js/build_js.py build_wasm --build_wasm
  3. [Optional] To build the OpenCV.js loader, append --build_loader.

    For example:

    emcmake python ./opencv/platforms/js/build_js.py build_js --build_loader
    Note
    The loader is implemented as a js file in the path <opencv_js_dir>/bin/loader.js. The loader utilizes the WebAssembly Feature Detection to detect the features of the broswer and load corresponding OpenCV.js automatically. To use it, you need to use the UMD version of WebAssembly Feature Detection and introduce the loader.js in your Web application.

    Example Code:

    // Set paths configuration
    let pathsConfig = {
    wasm: "../../build_wasm/opencv.js",
    threads: "../../build_mt/opencv.js",
    simd: "../../build_simd/opencv.js",
    threadsSimd: "../../build_mtSIMD/opencv.js",
    }
    // Load OpenCV.js and use the pathsConfiguration and main function as the params.
    loadOpenCV(pathsConfig, main);
  4. [optional] To build documents, append --build_doc option.

    For example:

    emcmake python ./opencv/platforms/js/build_js.py build_js --build_doc
    Note
    It requires doxygen installed in your development environment.
  5. [optional] To build tests, append --build_test option.

    For example:

    emcmake python ./opencv/platforms/js/build_js.py build_js --build_test
  6. [optional] To enable OpenCV contrib modules append --cmake_option="-DOPENCV_EXTRA_MODULES_PATH=/path/to/opencv_contrib/modules/"

    For example:

    python ./platforms/js/build_js.py build_js --cmake_option="-DOPENCV_EXTRA_MODULES_PATH=opencv_contrib/modules"

Running OpenCV.js Tests

Remember to launch the build command passing --build_test as mentioned previously. This will generate test source code ready to run together with opencv.js file in build_js/bin

Manually in your browser

To run tests, launch a local web server in \<build_dir\>/bin folder. For example, node http-server which serves on localhost:8080.

Navigate the web browser to http://localhost:8080/tests.html, which runs the unit tests automatically. Command example:

npx http-server build_js/bin
firefox http://localhost:8080/tests.html
Note
This snippet and the following require Node.js to be installed.

Headless with Puppeteer

Alternatively tests can run with GoogleChrome/puppeteer which is a version of Google Chrome that runs in the terminal (useful for Continuos integration like travis CI, etc)

cd build_js/bin
npm install
npm install --no-save puppeteer # automatically downloads Chromium package
node run_puppeteer.js
Note
Checkout node run_puppeteer --help for more options to debug and reporting.
The command npm install only needs to be executed once, since installs the tools dependencies; after that they are ready to use.
Use PUPPETEER_SKIP_CHROMIUM_DOWNLOAD=1 npm install --no-save puppeteer to skip automatic downloading of Chromium. You may specify own Chromium/Chrome binary through PUPPETEER_EXECUTABLE_PATH=$(which google-chrome) environment variable. BEWARE: Puppeteer is only guaranteed to work with the bundled Chromium, use at your own risk.

Using Node.js.

For example:

cd build_js/bin
npm install
node tests.js
Note
If all tests are failed, then consider using Node.js from 8.x version (lts/carbon from nvm).
  1. [optional] To build opencv.js with threads optimization, append --threads option.

    For example:

    emcmake python ./opencv/platforms/js/build_js.py build_js --build_wasm --threads

    The default threads number is the logic core number of your device. You can use cv.parallel_pthreads_set_threads_num(number) to set threads number by yourself and use cv.parallel_pthreads_get_threads_num() to get the current threads number.

    Note
    You should build wasm version of opencv.js if you want to enable this optimization. And the threads optimization only works in browser, not in node.js. You need to enable the WebAssembly threads support feature first with your browser. For example, if you use Chrome, please enable this flag in chrome://flags.
  2. [optional] To build opencv.js with wasm simd optimization, append --simd option.

    For example:

    emcmake python ./opencv/platforms/js/build_js.py build_js --build_wasm --simd

    The simd optimization is experimental as wasm simd is still in development.

    Note
    Now only emscripten LLVM upstream backend supports wasm simd, refering to https://emscripten.org/docs/porting/simd.html. So you need to setup upstream backend environment with the following command first:
    ./emsdk update
    ./emsdk install latest-upstream
    ./emsdk activate latest-upstream
    source ./emsdk_env.sh
    You should build wasm version of opencv.js if you want to enable this optimization. For browser, you need to enable the WebAssembly SIMD support feature first. For example, if you use Chrome, please enable this flag in chrome://flags. For Node.js, you need to run script with flag --experimental-wasm-simd.
    The simd version of opencv.js built by latest LLVM upstream may not work with the stable browser or old version of Node.js. Please use the latest version of unstable browser or Node.js to get new features, like Chrome Dev.
  3. [optional] To build wasm intrinsics tests, append --build_wasm_intrin_test option.

    For example:

    emcmake python ./opencv/platforms/js/build_js.py build_js --build_wasm --simd --build_wasm_intrin_test

    For wasm intrinsics tests, you can use the following function to test all the cases:

    cv.test_hal_intrin_all()

    And the failed cases will be logged in the JavaScript debug console.

    If you only want to test single data type of wasm intrinsics, you can use the following functions:

    cv.test_hal_intrin_uint8()
    cv.test_hal_intrin_int8()
    cv.test_hal_intrin_uint16()
    cv.test_hal_intrin_int16()
    cv.test_hal_intrin_uint32()
    cv.test_hal_intrin_int32()
    cv.test_hal_intrin_uint64()
    cv.test_hal_intrin_int64()
    cv.test_hal_intrin_float32()
    cv.test_hal_intrin_float64()
  4. [optional] To build performance tests, append --build_perf option.

    For example:

    emcmake python ./opencv/platforms/js/build_js.py build_js --build_perf

    To run performance tests, launch a local web server in <build_dir>/bin folder. For example, node http-server which serves on localhost:8080.

    There are some kernels now in the performance test like cvtColor, resize and threshold. For example, if you want to test threshold, please navigate the web browser to http://localhost:8080/perf/perf_imgproc/perf_threshold.html. You need to input the test parameter like (1920x1080, CV_8UC1, THRESH_BINARY), and then click the Run button to run the case. And if you don't input the parameter, it will run all the cases of this kernel.

    You can also run tests using Node.js.

    For example, run threshold with parameter (1920x1080, CV_8UC1, THRESH_BINARY):

    cd bin/perf
    npm install
    node perf_threshold.js --test_param_filter="(1920x1080, CV_8UC1, THRESH_BINARY)"

Building OpenCV.js with Docker

Alternatively, the same build can be can be accomplished using docker containers which is often easier and more reliable, particularly in non linux systems. You only need to install docker on your system and use a popular container that provides a clean well tested environment for emscripten builds like this, that already has latest versions of all the necessary tools installed.

So, make sure docker is installed in your system and running. The following shell script should work in Linux and MacOS:

git clone https://github.com/opencv/opencv.git
cd opencv
docker run --rm -v $(pwd):/src -u $(id -u):$(id -g) emscripten/emsdk emcmake python3 ./platforms/js/build_js.py build_js

In Windows use the following PowerShell command:

docker run --rm --workdir /src -v "$(get-location):/src" "emscripten/emsdk" emcmake python3 ./platforms/js/build_js.py build_js
Warning
The example uses latest version of emscripten. If the build fails you should try a version that is known to work fine which is 2.0.10 using the following command:
docker run --rm -v $(pwd):/src -u $(id -u):$(id -g) emscripten/emsdk:2.0.10 emcmake python3 ./platforms/js/build_js.py build_js

In Windows use the following PowerShell command:

docker run --rm --workdir /src -v "$(get-location):/src" "emscripten/emsdk:2.0.10" emcmake python3 ./platforms/js/build_js.py build_js

Building the documentation with Docker

To build the documentation doxygen needs to be installed. Create a file named Dockerfile with the following content:

FROM emscripten/emsdk:2.0.10
RUN apt-get update \
&& DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends doxygen \
&& rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/*

Then we build the docker image and name it opencv-js-doc with the following command (that needs to be run only once):

docker build . -t opencv-js-doc

Now run the build command again, this time using the new image and passing --build_doc:

docker run --rm -v $(pwd):/src -u $(id -u):$(id -g) "opencv-js-doc" emcmake python3 ./platforms/js/build_js.py build_js --build_doc