These steps have been tested for Ubuntu 10.04 but should work with other distros as well.
GCC 4.4.x or later. This can be installed with:sudo apt-get install build-essential
CMake 2.6 or higher;
GTK+2.x or higher, including headers (libgtk2.0-dev);
Python 2.6 or later and Numpy 1.5 or later with developer packages (python-dev, python-numpy);
ffmpeg or libav development packages: libavcodec-dev, libavformat-dev, libswscale-dev;
[optional] libdc1394 2.x;
[optional] libjpeg-dev, libpng-dev, libtiff-dev, libjasper-dev.
All the libraries above can be installed via Terminal or by using Synaptic Manager.
You can use the latest stable OpenCV version available in sourceforge or you can grab the latest snapshot from our Git repository.
Create a temporary directory, which we denote as <cmake_binary_dir>, where you want to put the generated Makefiles, project files as well the object files and output binaries.
Enter the <cmake_binary_dir> and type
cmake [<some optional parameters>] <path to the OpenCV source directory>
cd ~/opencv mkdir release cd release cmake -D CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=RELEASE -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local ..
Enter the created temporary directory (<cmake_binary_dir>) and proceed with:
make sudo make install
If the size of the created library is a critical issue (like in case of an Android build) you can use the install/strip command to get the smallest size as possible. The stripped version appears to be twice as small. However, we do not recommend using this unless those extra megabytes do really matter.